Coffee beans come from the coffee plant which has some red or purple fruits that look like berries along with large green leaves. These plants grow up to an average of five to seven feet tall and are harvested once a year. The lifespan of a coffee plant is between twenty to thirty years. The bean comes from the inside of the fruit and although the pit is a seed, it is often referred to as a bean. There are two common varieties of beans that are widely grown and cultivated called Arabica and Robusta beans.
Robusta beans are exclusively grown in the Eastern Hemisphere like Indonesia and Africa. The Arabica beans are also grown in Africa and Papua New Guinea; however, they are mostly grown in Latin America. The difference in taste between the Robusta and Arabica coffee beans are the Robusta is slightly more bitter and packs double the caffeine normally found in Arabica coffee beans. You will notice that Arabica coffee beans are more popular and have over 100 varieties compared to Robusta’s 2 varieties.
Here’s a fun fact: Prior to roasting cups of coffee as our daily morning beverage we know and love, this fruit was consumed as food as well as being enjoyed as wine